Engine Maintenance: Car Maintenance Tips and Lubrication

By Dale Benton

Engine maintenance is a very important factor in keeping your car in top condition. These car maintenance tips focus on engine lubrication, something which too many people ignore. By neglecting the oil level in your engine, you are not only reducing the life of your car engine, but could also be reducing your own life and that of your passengers!

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The level of oil in your sump or oil pan might not be as critical to your safety as your tires and brakes, but if your oil level drops below a critical level at the same time it could be very dangerous. The reason for this will be explained below, but first let's look at what your engine oil does and why engine maintenance is very important in this respect.

Engine Maintenance and Oil Levels

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The #1 engine maintenance job that any vehicle owner has to carry out is to check and top up the engine oil. Without adequate lubrication your engine components will wear out more rapidly, and a lack of engine oil can seriously reduce the resale value of your car. Whether you drive a mini or a Ferrari, they rely on engine oil to lubricate all of these moving parts.

Oil reduces friction, and friction generates heat and wear. Without enough oil, your engine will heat up and will wear out rapidly. The cylinders can seize, and the bearings and bushes will all wear faster than they should. The result will be that your car will lose power, will drop in speed and will ultimately give up!

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If your car gets dangerously low in oil pressure, you will see the low oil signal on your dash (a red light or often a red oil can) prior to your car stopping. When this light comes on you must stop and add oil, or go to your nearest garage if you have time. Otherwise the engine will simply cut out. It can be very dangerous if that happens on a busy freeway.

Car Maintenance Tips to Avoid Lubrication Problems

Check the oil level in your vehicle regularly - and certainly before any longer trip. To do this, first run the car or about 15-30 minutes. You can do this at the end of a drive home, for example. Switch off the engine and leave it for 15 minutes. This gives time for the oil to drain back down into the sump.

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Wipe the dipstick clean with a tissue or rag, and then push it all the way down into its slot. Pull it out and check the level. Do this again to make sure you get the same result. There will be marks on the dipstick indicating maximum and minimum levels. If the oil level is between these levels you are OK, but if closer to the bottom it would be advisable to add engine oil to bring it up close to the top level at the first opportunity.

Check after each addition, and you will soon understand how much oil is needed. Make certain that the oil you use is exactly as recommended in your handbook. Different engines require different grades of oil.

Engine Maintenance: Dangers of Overfilling

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Overfilling your engine with oil can enable the oil to seep into the crankshaft. This can then lead to the oil being mixed with air and emulsifying. Not only will this change the viscosity of the oil, but it will also reduce is properties as a lubricant. Not only that, but your oil pump can cavitate (pump air) and reduce the oil pressure in your engine. Your engine will overheat, and ultimately simply shut down and stop the car.

Maintenance of Engine Oil Filters

Engine oil filters help to keep your oil clean. While it is best to change your oil filter with every oil change, it should be done at least every second oil change. The oil must pass through the filter during its circulation cycle, and a dirty or clogged filter can result in a slower than recommended circulation rate and low oil pressure.

During its circulation cycles, your engine oil flushes out dirt particles and tiny particles of metal, both of which can be very abrasive to the moving parts of the engine. These particles accumulate on the filter until it is changed. It is an important aspect of engine maintenance to keep the engine oil clean and at the correct viscosity.

This advice on engine maintenance comprises some of the most important car maintenance tips you can follow to keep your engine running smoothly. Ignore them, and fail to change your oil at regular intervals, then your vehicle will not run efficiently. Not only that, but you will reduce the life of its engine and seriously affect its resale value.

Lubrication your engine is important, and car owners can help by making sure they maintain good oil levels in their vehicles. Visit Benton Nissan for engine maintenance tips to extend the life of your vehicle's engine. Visit the Benton Nissan website for more information on car maintenance and special warranties.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/7752492

Mandatory Car Maintenance

By Amanda Rodriguez

Unless you live in a city with easily accessible mass transit, you rely on your car for your day-to-day life. Whether you drive into town from the outskirts on a daily basis or just enjoy visiting friends in neighboring towns, your car must be in tip-top shape or you'll be stuck in the middle of nowhere. By making sure to keep your car tuned up, you also ensure your own safety and avoid a lot of frustration. These mandatory auto maintenance tips are the most important things you should do for your car in order to keep it running smoothly for years to come.

Oil change: You should be getting an oil change every 3,000 miles or 3 months in order to keep your car up and running. If you have experience changing oil, you can do this at home and save some money on the cost of labor that a mechanic would typically charge.

Spark plugs: Typically, you'll have conventional spark plugs in your car, which should be changed every 30,000 miles. However, if you know your car has double platinum spark plugs, they should be changed every 50,000 miles.

Transmission filter and fluid: Your car's transmission filter should be changed at 30,000, 90,000, and 150,000 miles. The transmission fluid should be changed at 60,000, 120,000, and 180,000 miles.

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Fuel filter: Unless your car's fuel filter is in the fuel tank, you should be changing it every 35,000 to 40,000 miles. However, if your tank is ever dropped, you should change the fuel filter immediately.

Coolant flush: You should have your mechanic do a coolant flush every 2 years or 24,000 miles, whichever comes first.

Tire rotation: One of the most important maintenance tips is tire rotation. Every 5,000 to 8,000 miles, you should have your car's tires rotated. If left untouched, the car's tires will wear down at an unbalanced rate because the weight in your car can be distributed unevenly. Your back left tire may be worn down way less than your front right tire, which will cause balance issues.

Tire alignment: Going hand in hand with tire rotation is getting the alignment checked out every 15,000 to 20,000 miles. This can go unchecked for some time as long as your car is still driving straight.

Brake fluid and power steering fluid flushes: These fluids should be flushed every two years or when they look dirty, whichever comes first.

Professional fuel injection: Your car needs a fuel injection done by a professional mechanic every 40,000 miles to keep it running smoothly.

Throttle bore plate: The throttle bore plate must be cleaned every 20,000 miles.

Air induction: This service should be performed every 20,000 miles as well.

Air filter, cabin air filter, PCV valve: These three items should be replaced as needed.

Taking your car in for these tune-ups is easy enough, but the most important car care tip is to have reliable auto insurance. For more information on auto insurance and getting the best bang for your buck, read about auto insurance savings tips.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/6859550

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